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Facts & Figures

France is the largest country in Western Europe (almost one fifth of the total area of the European Union), with a vast maritime zone (exclusive economic zone extending over 11 million sq. km).

Population and Territory
 
     France    Europe
Population in 2010
(in millions)
 

64.7

13% of the European population

1% of the world population

 

EU 27: 501

Population by Age
(1st January 2011)
 

Less than
15 years old

18.5%

15 to 24

12.4%

25 to 64

52.3%

More than 65

16.8%

 

EU 27: 501

Work Force in 2009
(in millions)
 

28.5

 

EU 27: 10.7

Area (in km²) 

640,000

14% of the European area

0.3% of the world

 

EU 27: 4.7 millions

Average Density in 2008 (resident / km²) 

101

 

EU 27: 116

Economy and Growth
 
  France Europe

Gross Domestic Product in 2010 (in €)

World Rank

 

1,932 Billion €

5th

 

EU 27: 12,279 Billion €

GDP Growth in 2010

Estimation 2011

 

1.5%

1.8%

 

1.5%

1.8%

GDP / Resident
in 2010

World Rank

 

29 805€

18th

 

EU 27: 24,500€

Breakdown of GDP
by Sector in 2009
 

Agriculture

1.7%

Industry

18.8%

Services

79.4%

 

Distribution of Employment by Sector in 2009 

Agriculture

2.9%

Industry

22.5%

Services

74.6%

 

Agriculture

5.1%

Industry

25.9%

Services

77.7%

Import in 2010
(in Billions $)

World Rank

 

577.7*

6*

 

Export in 2010
(in Billions $)

World Rank

 

508.7*

6*

 

Business Creation
in 2010
 

622,000
(+7% compared to 2009)

 

Minimum Monthly Salary (MMS) 2010 

1,344€

 

Net Revenues of
General Budget in 2010 (in Billions euro)
 

267.2

 

Market Capitalization, Euronext Europe
(in Billions euro)
 

2,869 Billions €

 

* esti mati on CIA Factbook    
Investments
 
  France Europe

Inward FDI
(flow 2010)

World Rank

 

57.4 Billion €

4th

 

EU 27: 24,500€

Outward FDI
(flow 2010)

World Rank

 

122.9 Billions $

2nd

 

450

Infrastructure
 
  France Europe

Railway:

 

 

 



TGV in 2009
(in Billions of travelers - km)

 

51.9

 

World Rank in 2008

 

29,213

 

World Rank

 

9th

 
Highway Network in 2007 (in km) 

10,958

 

Air transport:

   

 

EU 27: 751

Air Transport
of Passengers
in 2009 (in millions)

 

117

 

Line (in km) in 2008

 

7th

 

EU 27: 11.3

Air Transport
of Goods in 2009
(in millions tons)

 

1.4

 



Work Rank in 2008

 

8th

 
Rates of Internet access in 2010 (in %) 

74%

 

EU 27: 70%

Innovation and Research
 
  France Europe
Total Expenditure
in R&D in 2009 
(in % of total employment)
 

21.21%

 

EU 27: 2.01%

Number of Employees in R&D in 2008 
(in % of total employment)
 

1.82%

 

EU 27: 1,64%

Expenditure in ICT
in 2008 (in % of GDP)
 

4.14%

 

Germany: 4.17%

UK: 6.35%

Availability of Administration On Line: e-Gouvernement in 2010 

85 %

 

Germany: 94%

UK: 98%

EU 27: 84%

     
     
Sources: INSEE, Eurostat, IMF, UNCTAD, CIA Factbook, Nationmaster